Membership Statistics

Lawyers by age and gender

Age Range Total Male %-M Female %-F
Age Range: Under 30 Total: 3,557 Male: 1,521 %-M: 3.0% Female: 2,036 %-F: 4.0%
Age Range: 30 - 39 Total: 13,231 Male: 6,209 %-M: 12.3% Female: 7,022 %-F: 13.9%
Age Range: 40 - 49 Total: 11,510 Male: 5,781 %-M: 11.4% Female: 5,729 %-F: 11.3%
Age Range: 50 - 65 Total: 14,693 Male: 9,240 %-M: 18.3% Female: 5,453 %-F: 10.8%
Age Range: Over 65 Total: 14,693 Male: 9,240 %-M: 18.3% Female: 5,453 %-F: 10.8%
Age Range: Total Total: 7,597 Male: 6,589 %-M: 13.0% Female: 1,008 %-F: 2.0%

Notes:

  1. Data as of December 31, 2016
  2. % is based on total
  3. Percentages may not add up to 100 due to rounding
  4. These statistics do not include honorary lawyers, lawyers appointed to judicial office, or lawyers whose licences were suspended on December 31, 2016

Paralegals by age and gender

Age Range Total Male %-M Female %-F
Age Range: Under 30 Total: 2,252 Male: 505 %-M: 6.2% Female: 1,747 %-F: 21.5%
Age Range: 30 - 39 Total: 2,058 Male: 596 %-M: 7.3% Female: 1,462 %-F: 18.0%
Age Range: 40 - 49 Total: 1,560 Male: 649 %-M: 8.0% Female: 911 %-F: 11.2%
Age Range: 50 - 65 Total: 1,904 Male: 999 %-M: 12.3% Female: 905 %-F: 11.1%
Age Range: Over Age 65 Total: 363 Male: 298 %-M: 3.7% Female: 65 %-F: 0.8%
Age Range: Total Total: 8,137 Male: 3,047 %-M: 37.4% Female: 5,090 %-F: 62.6%

Notes:

  1. Data as of December 31, 2016
  2. % is based on total
  3. Percentages may not add up to 100 due to rounding
  4. These statistics do not include honorary paralegals, paralegals appointed to judicial office, or paralegals whose licences were suspended on December 31, 2016

Geographical distribution of lawyers

Geographic Area Total Male %-M Female %-F
Geographic Area: Metropolitan Toronto Total: 24,915 Male: 14,188 %-M: 28.0% Female: 10,727 %-F: 21.2%
Geographic Area: Ontario (excl. Metro Toronto) Total: 21,177 Male: 12,778 %-M: 25.3% Female: 8,399 %-F: 16.6%
Geographic Area: Canada (excl. Ontario) Total: 2,637 Male: 1,421 %-M: 2.8% Female: 1,216 %-F: 2.4%
Geographic Area: Outside Canada Total: 1,859 Male: 953 %-M: 1.9% Female: 906 %-F: 1.8%
Geographic Area: Total Total: 50,588 Male: 29,340 %-M: 58.0% Female: 21,248 %-F: 42.0%

Notes:

  1. Data as of December 31, 2016
  2. % is based on total
  3. Percentages may not add up to 100 due to rounding
  4. These statistics do not include honorary lawyers, lawyers appointed to judicial office, or lawyers whose licences were suspended on December 31, 2016

Geographical distribution of paralegals

Geographic Area Total Male %-M Female %-F
Geographic Area: Metropolitan Toronto Total: 3,115 Male: 1,154 %-M: 14.2% Female: 1,961 %-F: 24.1%
Geographic Area: Ontario (excl. Metro Toronto) Total: 4,897 Male: 1,846 %-M: 22.7% Female: 3,051 %-F: 37.5%
Geographic Area: Canada (excl. Ontario) Total: 101 Male: 35 %-M: 0.4% Female: 66 %-F: 0.8%
Geographic Area: Outside Canada Total: 24 Male: 12 %-M: 0.1% Female: 12 %-F: 0.1%
Geographic Area: Total Total: 8,137 Male: 3,047 %-M: 37.4% Female: 5,090 %-F: 62.6%

Notes:

  1. Data as of December 31, 2016
  2. % is based on total
  3. Percentages may not add up to 100 due to rounding
  4. These statistics do not include honorary paralegals, paralegals appointed to judicial office, or paralegals whose licences were suspended on December 31, 2016

Lawyers by type of employment

Type of Employment Total Male %-M Female %-F
Type of Employment: Sole Practitioner Total: 8,789 Male: 6,133 %-M: 15.6% Female: 2,656 %-F: 6.8%
Type of Employment: Partner Total: 6,969 Male: 5,273 %-M: 13.4% Female: 1,696 %-F: 4.3%
Type of Employment: Employee Total: 1,184 Male: 656 %-M: 1.7% Female: 528 %-F: 1.3%
Type of Employment: Associate Total: 7,335 Male: 3,860 %-M: 9.8% Female: 3,475 %-F: 8.8%
Type of Employment: Education Total: 552 Male: 226 %-M: 0.6% Female: 326 %-F: 0.8%
Type of Employment: Government Total: 5,679 Male: 2,346 %-M: 6.0% Female: 3,333 %-F: 8.5%
Type of Employment: In-House Total: 4,959 Male: 2,496 %-M: 6.4% Female: 2,463 %-F: 6.3%
Type of Employment: Legal Clinic Total: 549 Male: 170 %-M: 0.4% Female: 379 %-F: 1.0%
Type of Employment: Other Total: 3,275 Male: 1,693 %-M: 4.3% Female: 1,582 %-F: 4.0%
Type of Employment: Total Total: 39,291 Male: 22,853 %-M: 58.2% Female: 16,438 %-F: 41.8%

Paralegals by type of employment

Type of Employment Total Male %-M Female %-F
Type of Employment: Sole Practitioner Total: 1,601 Male: 1,005 %-M: 15.8% Female: 596 %-F: 9.4%
Type of Employment: Partner Total: 167 Male: 105 %-M: 1.7% Female: 62 %-F: 1.0%
Type of Employment: Employee Total: 775 Male: 265 %-M: 4.2% Female: 510 %-F: 8.0%
Type of Employment: Associate Total: 181 Male: 74 %-M: 1.2% Female: 107 %-F: 1.7%
Type of Employment: Education Total: 52 Male: 9 %-M: 0.1% Female: 43 %-F: 0.7%
Type of Employment: Government Total: 552 Male: 157 %-M: 2.5% Female: 395 %-F: 6.2%
Type of Employment: In-House Total: 396 Male: 181 %-M: 2.8% Female: 215 %-F: 3.4%
Type of Employment: Legal Clinic Total: 111 Male: 17 %-M: 0.3% Female: 94 %-F: 1.5%
Type of Employment: Other Total: 2,521 Male: 616 %-M: 9.7% Female: 1,905 %-F: 30.0%
Type of Employment: Total Total: 6,356 Male: 2,429 %-M: 38.2% Female: 3,927 %-F: 61.8%

Law Firms/Paralegal Firms

Law Firms by Size, and Number of Licensees by Size of Law Firm

Size Per Number of Licensees Firms %[a] Licensees %[b]
Size Per Number of Licensees: 1 lawyer Firms: 7,966 %[a]: 74.5% Licensees: 7,966 %[b]: 32.8%
Size Per Number of Licensees: 2 - 10 lawyers/paralegals Firms: 2,464 %[a]: 23.1% Licensees: 7,506 %[b]: 30.9%
Size Per Number of Licensees: 11 - 25 lawyers/paralegals Firms: 180 %[a]: 1.7% Licensees: 2,613 %[b]: 10.7%
Size Per Number of Licensees: 26 - 50 lawyers/paralegals Firms: 47 %[a]: 0.4% Licensees: 1,605 %[b]: 6.6%
Size Per Number of Licensees: 51+ lawyers/paralegals Firms: 32 %[a]: 0.3% Licensees: 4,629 %[b]: 19.0%
Size Per Number of Licensees: Total Firms: 10,689 %[a]: 100.0% Licensees: 24,319 %[b]: 100.0%

Notes:

  1. These statistics are based on law firms reported as a primary business for a licensee
  2. [a] % is based on total Firms
  3. [b] % is based on total Licensees
  4. Percentages may not add up to 100 due to rounding
  5. Data as of December 31, 2016

Paralegal Firms by Size, and Number of Licensees by Size of Paralegal Firm

Size Per Number of Licensees Firms %[a] Licensees %[b]
Size Per Number of Licensees: 1 paralegal Firms: 1,552 %[a]: 88.3% Licensees: 1,552 %[b]: 74.9%
Size Per Number of Licensees: 2 lawyers/paralegals Firms: 136 %[a]: 7.7% Licensees: 227 %[b]: 11.0%
Size Per Number of Licensees: 3 lawyers/paralegals Firms: 31 %[a]: 1.8% Licensees: 78 %[b]: 3.8%
Size Per Number of Licensees: 4 lawyers/paralegals Firms: 14 %[a]: 0.8% Licensees: 43 %[b]: 2.1%
Size Per Number of Licensees: 5 lawyers/paralegals Firms: 7 %[a]: 0.4% Licensees: 31 %[b]: 1.5%
Size Per Number of Licensees: 6 - 10 lawyers/paralegals Firms: 11 %[a]: 0.6% Licensees: 53 %[b]: 2.6%
Size Per Number of Licensees: 11 - 25 lawyers/paralegals Firms: 5 %[a]: 0.3% Licensees: 45 %[b]: 2.2%
Size Per Number of Licensees: 26 - 50 lawyers/paralegals Firms: 1 %[a]: 0.1% Licensees: 44 %[b]: 2.1%
Size Per Number of Licensees: 51+ lawyers/paralegals Firms: 0 %[a]: 0.0% Licensees: 0 %[b]: 0.0%
Size Per Number of Licensees: Total Firms: 1,757 %[a]: 100.0% Licensees: 2,073 %[b]: 100.0%

Notes:

  1. These statistics are based on paralegal firms reported as a primary business for a licensee
  2. [a] % is based on total Firms
  3. [b] % is based on total Licensees
  4. Percentages may not add up to 100 due to rounding
  5. Data as of December 31, 2016

Snapshot: Lawyers

Statistical Snapshot of Lawyers from the Lawyer Annual Report (LAR) 2015

Aboriginal 88.8%
Racialized 77.4%
Sexual orientation 82.9%
Francophone 90.4%
Able to provide legal services in French 84.7%
Disability 84.5%
Gender 100%

Race and Aboriginal

Representation in profession vs. representation in Ontario Population - Racialized

Racialized Profession: 18.6% Population: 25.9%

Representation in profession vs. representation in Ontario Population - Aboriginal

Aboriginal Profession: 1.5% Population: 2.3%

Racialized & Aboriginal by percentage of respondents

Race % of Respondents
First Nations % of Respondents: 1.0
Inuk % of Respondents: 0.01
Metis % of Respondents: 0.5
Arab % of Respondents: 0.8
Black (e.g., African-Canadian, African, Caribbean) % of Respondents: 3.1
Chinese % of Respondents: 3.3
East-Asian (e.g., Japanese, Korean) % of Respondents: 1.3
Latin American, Hispanic % of Respondents: 0.6
South Asian (e.g., Indo-Canadian, Indian Subcontinent) % of Respondents: 6.2
South-East Asian % of Respondents: 0.7
West Asian (e.g., Iranian, Afghan % of Respondents: 01.0
More than one Racialized Group % of Respondents: 0.4
Racialized and White % of Respondents: 1.2
White % of Respondents: 80

Type of Licence by Racialization (%)

Group Sole Practitioner Partner Associate Employee Legal Clinic In-House Government Education Retired or Not Working Other and New Licensees
Group: First Nations and Inuk Sole Practitioner: 25% Partner: 8% Associate: 12% Employee: 3% Legal Clinic: 3% In-House: 8% Government: 22% Education: 3% Retired or Not Working: 5% Other and New Licensees: 11%
Group: Metis Sole Practitioner: 23% Partner: 7% Associate: 19% Employee: 5% Legal Clinic: 1% In-House: 4% Government: 23% Education: 1% Retired or Not Working: 5% Other and New Licensees: 12%
Group: Arab Sole Practitioner: 20% Partner: 11% Associate: 24% Employee: 6% Legal Clinic: 3% In-House: 10% Government: 11% Education: 0% Retired or Not Working: 9% Other and New Licensees: 7%
Group: Black Sole Practitioner: 28% Partner: 6% Associate: 13% Employee: 2% Legal Clinic: 4% In-House: 10% Government: 18% Education: 1% Retired or Not Working: 6% Other and New Licensees: 11%
Group: Chinese Sole Practitioner: 18% Partner: 8% Associate: 23% Employee: 2% Legal Clinic: 2% In-House: 17% Government: 12% Education: 0% Retired or Not Working: 5% Other and New Licensees: 12%
Group: East Asian Sole Practitioner: 14% Partner: 13% Associate: 19% Employee: 2% Legal Clinic: 1% In-House: 16% Government: 16% Education: 1% Retired or Not Working: 5% Other and New Licensees: 12%
Group: Latino Sole Practitioner: 21% Partner: 9% Associate: 25% Employee: 3% Legal Clinic: 3% In-House: 12% Government: 11% Education: 2% Retired or Not Working: 4% Other and New Licensees: 9%
Group: South Asian Sole Practitioner: 27% Partner: 8% Associate: 18% Employee: 3% Legal Clinic: 2% In-House: 12% Government: 11% Education: 2% Retired or Not Working: 5% Other and New Licensees: 11%
Group: Southeast Asian Sole Practitioner: 27% Partner: 10% Associate: 20% Employee: 3% Legal Clinic: 1% In-House: 10% Government: 12% Education: 1% Retired or Not Working: 5% Other and New Licensees: 11%
Group: West Asian Sole Practitioner: 24% Partner: 4% Associate: 26% Employee: 5% Legal Clinic: 0% In-House: 14% Government: 10% Education: 1% Retired or Not Working: 4% Other and New Licensees: 12%
Group: More than One Racialized Group Sole Practitioner: 18% Partner: 5% Associate: 27% Employee: 3% Legal Clinic: 5% In-House: 10% Government: 16% Education: 1% Retired or Not Working: 4% Other and New Licensees: 11%
Group: Racialized and White Sole Practitioner: 11% Partner: 8% Associate: 22% Employee: 3% Legal Clinic: 3% In-House: 14% Government: 18% Education: 1% Retired or Not Working: 6% Other and New Licensees: 13%

Gender

  Total
Gender: Women Total: 43.1%
Gender: Men Total: 56.9%

Type of Licence (%)

Type of Licence Women Men Francophone Identity and Ability to Provide Legal Advice in French Presence of a Disability LGBTQ
Type of Licence: Sole Practitioner Woman: 14.4% Men: 25.6% Francophone: 14.9% Disability: 23.6% LGBTQ: 14.4%
Type of Licence: Law Firm Partner Woman: 9.1% Men: 22.6% Francophone: 11.0% Disability: 9.4% LGBTQ: 9.6%
Type of Licence: Law Firm Associate Woman: 18.7% Men: 16.1% Francophone: 14.5% Disability: 10.3% LGBTQ: 17.5%
Type of Licence: Law Firm Employee Woman: 3.0% Men: 2.5% Francophone: 3.0% Disability: 1.8% LGBTQ: 2.4%
Type of Licence: Legal Clinic Woman: 1.9% Men: 0.7% Francophone: 2.2% Disability: 2.9% LGBTQ: 3.6%
Type of Licence: In-House Woman: 13.2% Men: 10.1% Francophone: 9.8% Disability: 6.9% LGBTQ: 10.6%
Type of Licence: Government Woman: 18.1% Men: 9.9% Francophone: 26.1% Disability: 19.7% LGBTQ: 22.4%
Type of Licence: Education Woman: 1.8% Men: 1% Francophone: 2.3% Disability: 3.2% LGBTQ: 2.9%
Type of Licence: Retired or Not Working Woman: 12.4% Men: 4.9% Francophone: 8.7% Disability: 15.8% LGBTQ: 8.7%
Type of Licence: Other and New Licensees Woman: 7.8% Men: 6.5% Francophone: 7.3% Disability: 6.5% LGBTQ: 7.9%

Note: Compared to population estimates, the number of lawyers self-reporting disability is inexplicably low. Further sampling over time may have to be conducted.

Snapshot: Paralegals

Statistical Snapshot of Paralegals from the Paralegal Annual Report (PAR) 2015

Aboriginal 91.6%
Racialized 80.9%
Sexual orientation 85.8%
Francophone 91.8%
Able to provide legal services in French 82.7%
Disability 88.1%
Gender 100%

Race and Aboriginal

Representation in profession vs. representation in Ontario Population - Racialized

Racialized Profession Population
Racialized Profession: 35.5% Population: 25.9%

Representation in profession vs. representation in Ontario Population - Aboriginal

Aboriginal Profession Population
Aboriginal Profession: 1.7% Population: 2.3%

Racialized & Aboriginal by percentage of respondents

Race % of Respondents
Race: First Nations % of Respondents: 0.93%
Race: Inuk % of Respondents: 0.03%
Race: Metis % of Respondents: 0.72%
Race: Arab % of Respondents: 1.2%
Race: Black (e.g., African-Canadian, African, Caribbean) % of Respondents: 7.2%
Race: Chinese % of Respondents: 5.6%
Race: East-Asian (e.g., Japanese, Korean) % of Respondents: 1.0%
Race: Latin American, Hispanic % of Respondents: 4.0%
Race: South Asian (e.g., Indo-Canadian, Indian Subcontinent) % of Respondents: 9.1%
Race: Southeast Asian % of Respondents: 3.0%
Race: West Asian (e.g., Iranian, Afghan % of Respondents: 2.6%
Race: More than one Racialized Group % of Respondents: 0.7%
Race: Racialized and White % of Respondents: 1.0%
Race: White % of Respondents: 62.9%

Type of Licence by Racialization (%)

Group Sole Practitioner Partner Associate Employee Legal Clinic In-House Government Education Retired or Not Working Other and New Licensees
Group: First Nations and Inuk Sole Practitioner: 26% Partner: 2% Associate: 0% Employee: 7% Legal Clinic: 7% In-House: 4% Government: 9% Education: 0% Retired or Not Working: 20% Other and New Licensees: 26%
Group: Metis Sole Practitioner: 47% Partner: 0% Associate: 6% Employee: 3% Legal Clinic: 3% In-House: 6% Government: 9% Education: 0% Retired or Not Working: 16% Other and New Licensees: 9%
Group: Arab Sole Practitioner: 28% Partner: 0% Associate: 2% Employee: 8% Legal Clinic: 2% In-House: 5% Government: 5% Education: 0% Retired or Not Working: 23% Other and New Licensees: 29%
Group: Black Sole Practitioner: 26% Partner: 1% Associate: 0% Employee: 7% Legal Clinic: 1% In-House: 6% Government: 7% Education: 1% Retired or Not Working: 23% Other and New Licensees: 27%
Group: Chinese Sole Practitioner: 29% Partner: 2% Associate: 0% Employee: 13% Legal Clinic: 1% In-House: 2% Government: 4% Education: 1% Retired or Not Working: 22% Other and New Licensees: 26%
Group: East Asian Sole Practitioner: 13% Partner: 9 Associate: 7% Employee: 20% Legal Clinic: 0% In-House: 2% Government: 4% Education: 0% Retired or Not Working: 22% Other and New Licensees: 24%
Group: Latino Sole Practitioner: 21% Partner: 5% Associate: 2% Employee: 11% Legal Clinic: 3% In-House: 5% Government: 9% Education: 1% Retired or Not Working: 17% Other and New Licensees: 26%
Group: South Asian Sole Practitioner: 21% Partner: 3% Associate: 2% Employee: 8% Legal Clinic: 1% In-House: 2% Government: 5% Education: 0% Retired or Not Working: 24% Other and New Licensees: 27%
Group: Southeast Asian Sole Practitioner: 21% Partner: 1% Associate: 3% Employee: 10% Legal Clinic: 0% In-House: 5% Government: 2% Education: 1% Retired or Not Working: 26% Other and New Licensees: 29%
Group: West Asian Sole Practitioner: 24% Partner: 1% Associate: 4% Employee: 13% Legal Clinic: 0% In-House: 6% Government: 4% Education: 0% Retired or Not Working: 28% Other and New Licensees: 19%
Group: More than One Racialized Group Sole Practitioner: 19% Partner: 2% Associate: 0% Employee: 7% Legal Clinic: 5% In-House: 5% Government: 12% Education: 5% Retired or Not Working: 24% Other and New Licensees: 21%
Group: Racialized and White Sole Practitioner: 16% Partner: 0% Associate: 5% Employee: 12% Legal Clinic: 2% In-House: 0% Government: 12% Education: 0% Retired or Not Working: 23% Other and New Licensees: 30%

Gender

Gender Total
Gender: Women Total: 62%
Gender: Men Total: 38%

Type of Licence by Gender (%)

Type of Licence Women Men
Type of Licence: Sole Practitioner Women: 36.9% Men: 12.9%
Type of Licence: Law Firm Partner Women: 3.5% Men: 1.3%
Type of Licence: Law Firm Associate Women: 2.8% Men: 2.4%
Type of Licence: Law Firm Employee Women: 9.4% Men: 10.9%
Type of Licence: Legal Clinic Women: 0.6% Men: 1.9%
Type of Licence: In-House Women: 6.9% Men: 4.5%
Type of Licence: Government Women: 4.9% Men: 4.9%
Type of Licence: Education Women: 0.3% Men: 0.3%
Type of Licence: Retired or Not Working Women: 15.0% Men: 15%
Type of Licence: Other and New Licensees Women: 19.8% Men: 19.8%

Professional Regulation

Complaints Received

Year Number of Complaints
Year: 2016 Complaints: 4833
Year: 2015 Complaints: 4647
Year: 2014 Complaints: 4781
Year: 2013 Complaints: 5040
Year: 2012 Complaints: 4782
Year: 2011 Complaints: 4867

Types of Allegations Raised in Complaints Received

Issue type % of complaints received
Type: Service Issues
(examples: fail to account, fail to communicate, fail to serve client )
Complaints: 50%
Type: Integrity Issues (examples: civility, couseling/behaving dishonourably) Complaints: 46%
Type: Governance Issues (examples: fail to cooperate with Law Society, Unauthorized Practice) Complaints: 17%
Type: Financial Issues (examples: mishandling trust accounts, misappropriation, real estate/mortgage schemes Complaints: 11%
Type: Special Applications (examples: capacity, good character) Complaints: 8%
Type: Conflicts (examples: licensee in position of conflict, business/financial relations with client) Complaints: 7%

Note: Figures total more than 100% because some complaints raise more than one issue.

Types of Allegations Raised in Complaints Received, by % of complaints received with issue type, by Year

Issue type 2016 2015 2014
Type: Service Issues
(examples: fail to account, fail to communicate, fail to serve client )
2016: 50% 2015: 51% 2014: 52%
Type: Integrity Issues (examples: civility, couseling/behaving dishonourably) 2016: 46% 2015: 47% 2014: 40%
Type: Governance Issues (examples: fail to cooperate with Law Society, Unauthorized Practice) 2016: 17% 2015: 19% 2014: 21%
Type: Financial Issues (examples: mishandling trust accounts, misappropriation, real estate/mortgage schemes 2016: 11% 2015: 10% 2014: 14%
Type: Special Applications (examples: capacity, good character) 2016: 8% 2015: 8% 2014: 9%
Type: Conflicts (examples: licensee in position of conflict, business/financial relations with client) 2016: 7% 2015: 7% 2014: 8%

Note: Figures total more than 100% because some complaints raise more than one issue.

Area of Law identified in the complaints received:

Area of Law 2016 2015 2014
Type: Civil Litigation 2016: 29% 2015: 27% 2014: 26%
Type: Matrimonial / Family 2016: 18% 2015: 17% 2014: 16%
Type: Real Estate 2016: 18% 2015: 16% 2014: 18%
Type: Criminal / Quasi Criminal 2016: 11% 2015: 9% 2014: 9%
Type: Administrative / Immigration Law 2016: 10% 2015: 10% 2014: 10%
Type: Estates / Wills 2016: 9% 2015: 8% 2014: 7%

Reasons Complaints Were Completed in 2016, Following an Investigation

Reason Percentage
Reason: Closed with Diversion* Percentage: 4%
Reason: Closed with Staff Caution or Best Practice Advice Percentage: 25%
Reason: Closed as Resolved Percentage: 3%
Reason: Closed as No / Insufficient Evidence to Warrant Further Regulatory Action Percentage: 37%
Reason: Other Staff Closings** Percentage: 19%
Reason: Transferred for Prosecution Percentage: 12%

* Regulatory Meeting, Invitation to Attend, Letter of Advice, practice / spot audit recommendation, undertaking
** Includes discontinued complaints and complaints outside the jurisdiction of the Law Society

New Mortgage Fraud and Unauthorized Practice (UAP) investigations

New investigations in 2016 Completed investigations in 2016 Inventory at the end of 2016
Mortgage Fraud New investigations in 2016: 29 investigations involving 50 complaints
(an average of 2.4 per month)
Completed investigations in 2016: 61 investigations involving 84 complaints Inventory at the end of 2016: 34 investigations involving 57 complaints
(down from 66 investigations involving 91 complaints at the beginning of 2016)
UAP New investigations in 2016: 101 complaints
(a 35% decrease from 2014 (155) and a 33% decrease from 2015 (150)
Completed investigations in 2016: 106 complaints Inventory at the end of 2016: 99 complaints
(a decrease of 12% from the inventory at the beginning of 2016)

Law Society Tribunal: Inventory of Matters, by Year

Type of Matter 2016 2015 2014
Type: Pre-Issuance 2016: 60 2015: 54 2014: 42
Type: Hearings 2016: 129 2015: 112 2014: 109
Type: Appeals / JRS 2016: 25 2015: 36 2014: 39

Notices Issued by the Discipline department in 2016:

Notices Issued 2014 2015 2016
Type: Notices of Application (conduct & capacity) 2014: 101 2015: 117 2016: 127
Type: Notices of Referral for Hearing (licensing [good character], reinstatement, terms dispute, restitution) 2014: 10 2015: 11 2016: 16
Type: Notices of Motion for Interlocutory Suspension / Restriction 2014: 14 2015: 14 2016: 25
Type: TOTAL 2014: 124 2015: 142 2016: 168

Types of allegations raised in the Notices issued in 2016:

Issue type % of Notices Issued in 2016
Service Issues (examples: fail to account, fail to communicate, fail to serve client ) 2016: 47%
Integrity Issues (examples: civility, counseling/behaving dishonourably) 2016: 32%
Governance Issues (examples: fail to cooperate with Law Society, Unauthorized Practice) 2016: 27%
Financial Issues (examples: mishandling trust accounts, misappropriation, real estate/mortgage schemes) 2016: 46%
Special Applications (examples: capacity, good character) 2016: 10%
Conflicts (examples: licensee in position of conflict, business/financial relations with client) 2016: 4%

Figures total more than 100% because some complaints/cases raise more than one issue.


Motions for interlocutory suspension / restriction orders

Interlocutory Suspension/Restriction Motions in 2016 (Authorized by PAC)
Authorized By the Proceedings Authorization Committee Total: 25 2 Seeking Restrictions
23 Seeking Suspensions
Issued Total: 25 2 Seeking Restrictions
23 Seeking Suspensions
Completed Total: 28 6 Restrictions granted
18 Suspensions granted
1 Motions dismissed
3 Motions Withdrawn/Abandoned

Final orders rendered by the Hearing Division, by year

Matters Disposed of by the Hearing Division Lawyers Paralegals
2014 2015 2016 2014 2015 Paralegals: 2016
Conduct Total Lawyers 2014: 101* Lawyers 2015: 77 Lawyers 2016: 94 Paralegals 2014: 23 Paralegals 2015: 21 Paralegals 2016: 18
Conduct: Reprimand Lawyers 2014: 15 Lawyers 2015: 16 Lawyers 2016: 18 Paralegals 2014: 2 Paralegals 2015: 0 Paralegals 2016: 2
Conduct: Suspension Lawyers 2014: 51 Lawyers 2015: 30 Lawyers 2016: 39 Paralegals 2014: 13 Paralegals 2015: 16 Paralegals 2016: 10
Conduct: Permission to surrender Lawyers 2014: 7 Lawyers 2015: 8 Lawyers 2016: 9 Paralegals 2014: 3 Paralegals 2015: 1 Paralegals 2016: 0
Revocation Lawyers 2014: 18 Lawyers 2015: 14 Lawyers 2016: 9 Paralegals 2014: 2 Paralegals 2015: 2 Paralegals 2016: 6
Conduct: Fine Lawyers 2014: 0 Lawyers 2015: 0 Lawyers 2016: 0 Paralegals 2014: 1 Paralegals 2015: 0 Paralegals 2016: 0
Conduct: No penalty imposed Lawyers 2014: 1 Lawyers 2015: 0 Lawyers 2016: 0 Paralegals 2014: 0 Paralegals 2015: 0 Paralegals 2016: 0
Conduct: Costs only Lawyers 2014: 0 Lawyers 2015: 0 Lawyers 2016: 1 Paralegals 2014: 0 Paralegals 2015: 0 Paralegals 2016: 0
Conduct: Dismissed / stayed Lawyers 2014: 4 Lawyers 2015: 4 Lawyers 2016: 5 Paralegals 2014: 0 Paralegals 2015: 2 Paralegals 2016: 0
Conduct: Withdrawn /abandoned Lawyers 2014: 4 Lawyers 2015: 5 Lawyers 2016: 13 Paralegals 2014: 2 Paralegals 2015: 0 Paralegals 2016: 0
Interlocutory suspension / restriction Lawyers 2014: 11 Lawyers 2015: 7 Lawyers 2016: 27 Paralegals 2014: 3 Paralegals 2015: 3 Paralegals 2016: 1
Capacity Lawyers 2014: 3 Lawyers 2015: 5 Lawyers 2016: 1 Paralegals 2014: 0 Paralegals 2015: 0 Paralegals 2016: 1
Non-compliance Lawyers 2014: 1* Lawyers 2015: 1 Lawyers 2016: 0 Paralegals 2014: 0 Paralegals 2015: 0 Paralegals 2016: 0
Reinstatement/Terms Dispute Lawyers 2014: 3 Lawyers 2015: 2 Lawyers 2016: 4 Paralegals 2014: 1 Paralegals 2015: 1 Paralegals 2016: 0
Licensing (including readmission) Lawyers 2014: 2 Lawyers 2015: 4 Lawyers 2016: 1 Paralegals 2014: 4 Paralegals 2015: 7 Paralegals 2016: 5
TOTALS Lawyers 2014: 120 Lawyers 2015: 96 Lawyers 2016: 127 Paralegals 2014: 31 Paralegals 2015: 32 Paralegals 2016: 25
2014 151
2015 128
2016 152

*There was one hearing in which a conduct application and a non-compliance application were heard together. Both are included in the totals for lawyer conduct and lawyer non-compliance categories. However, the matter is only counted once in the total numbers and the suspension is reflected in the conduct statistics

Outcomes of mortgage fraud prosecutions in 2016 and since 2001

Outcome Results for Completions in 2016 Results since 2001
Outcome: Lawyer's licence revoked (disbarred) Results for Completions in 2016: 2 Results since 2001: 45
Outcome: Lawyer permitted to surrender licence Results for Completions in 2016: 2 Results since 2001: 20
Outcome: Lawyer suspended Results for Completions in 2016: 2 Results since 2001: 56
Outcome: Other lesser penalty (e.g. reprimand, fine) Results for Completions in 2016: 0 Results since 2001: 2
Outcome: Totals Results for Completions in 2016: 6 Results since 2001: 1

Appeals and applications for judicial reviews with Discipline Counsel / Paralegals in 2016:

Law Society Tribunal - Appeal Division Divisional Court Court of Appeal for Ontario Supreme Court of Canada
Matters commenced Law Society Tribunal - Appeal Division: 12 appeals Divisional Court: 4 appeals;
4 judicial reviews
Court of Appeal for Ontario: 5 motions for leave to appeal;
1 appeal
Supreme Court of Canada: 3 motions for leave to appeal
Matters completed Law Society Tribunal - Appeal Division: 13 appeals Divisional Court: 11 appeals;
2 judicial reviews
Court of Appeal for Ontario: 5 motions for leave to appeal;
2 motions for reviews of leave to appeal motions
2 appeals
Supreme Court of Canada: 1 motion for leave to appeal
Matters active as at December 31, 2016 Law Society Tribunal - Appeal Division: 15 appeals Divisional Court: 5 appeals;
2 judicial reviews
Court of Appeal for Ontario: 1 application for leave to appeal;
1 appeal
Supreme Court of Canada: 2 motions for leave to appeal

Licensing Statistics

Lawyers issued a licence in 2016

Gender Number
Gender: Male Number: 1040
Gender: Female Number: 1148

Total licensed 2,188

Paralegals issued a licence in 2016

Gender Number
Gender: Male Number: 266
Gender: Female Number: 728

Total licensed 994

Lawyer enrolment in the Licensing Process by equity-seeking group: 2012-16

Year Women % * Racialized communities % * † Francophones % * † Indigenous People % * †
Year: 2012 Woman: 50 Racialized communities : 24 Francophone: 15 Indigenous People: 2
Year: 2013 Woman: 53 Racialized communities : 23 Francophone: 4 Indigenous People: 2.6
Year: 2014 Woman: 51.9 Racialized communities : 23.8 Francophone: 6 Indigenous People: 1.4
Year: 2015 Woman: 50.1 Racialized communities : 20.4 Francophone: 6.3 Indigenous People: 1.67
Year: 2016 Woman: 55.86 Racialized communities : 22.2 Francophone: 5.39 Indigenous People: 1.74

* Based on applications for candidates who entered the licensing process in 2012 through 2016.
† Percentages obtained from applications for the licensing process in 2012 through 2016, in which applicants voluntarily self-identified.

Paralegal enrolment in the Licensing Process by equity-seeking group: 2012-16

Year Women % * Racialized communities % * † Francophones % * † Indigenous People % * †
Year: 2012 Woman: 68.6 Racialized communities : 22.5 Francophone: 1.7 Indigenous People: 2.5
Year: 2013 Woman: 70.8 Racialized communities : 21.3 Francophone: 2 Indigenous People: 3.25
Year: 2014 Woman: 71.89 Racialized communities : 20.1 Francophone: 2 Indigenous People: 3.25
Year: 2015 Woman: 72.9 Racialized communities : 14.2 Francophone: 2.48 Indigenous People: 0.69
Year: 2016 Woman: 73.75 Racialized communities : 18.09 Francophone: 3.16 Indigenous People: 1.54

* Based on applications for candidates who entered the licensing process in 2012 through 2016.
† Percentages obtained from applications for the licensing process in 2012 through 2016, in which applicants voluntarily self-identified.

Lawyers licensed, by gender: 2012-2016

Year Total licensed Female % of Total-F Male % of Total-M
Year: 2012 Total: 1,866 Femle: 960 %-F: 51% Male: 906 %-M: 49%
Year: 2013 Total: 1,994 Femle: 989 %-F: 49.6% Male: 1,005 %-M: 50.4%
Year: 2014 Total: 1,984 Femle: 1,049 %-F: 52.9% Male: 935 %-M: 47.1%
Year: 2015 Total: 2,201 Femle: 1,129 %-F: 51.3% Male: 1,072 %-M: 48.7%
Year: 2016 Total: 2,188 Femle: 1,148 %-F: 52.47% Male: 1,040 %-M: 47.53%

Paralegals licensed, by gender: 2012-16

Year Total licensed Female % of Total-F Male % of Total-M
Year: 2012 Total: 1,049 Femle: 698 %-F: 66.5% Male: 351 %-M: 33.4%
Year: 2013 Total: 1344 Femle: 902 %-F: 67.1% Male: 442 %-M: 32.8%
Year: 2014 Total: 1154 Femle: 790 %-F: 68.5% Male: 364 %-M: 31.5%
Year: 2015 Total: 1,372 Femle: 980 %-F: 71.4% Male: 392 %-M: 28.6%
Year: 2016 Total: 994 Femle: 728 %-F: 73.24% Male: 266 %-M: 26.76%

Law Society Referral Service

LSRS Referrals to Lawyers and Paralegals

2016 Referrals
Lawyer Referrals: 39,269
Paralegal Referrals: 4,025
Total Referrals: 43,294

LSRS Referrals by Area of Law: Lawyers

2016 Referrals
Administrative Law Referrals: 7%
Business Law Referrals: 5%
Civil Litigation Referrals: 33%
Criminal Law Referrals: 8%
Estates Law Referrals: 8%
Family Law Referrals: 20%
Labour & Employment Referrals: 14%
Real Estate Law Referrals: 5%

LSRS Referrals by Area of Legal Services: Paralegals

2016 Referrals
Administrative Law Referrals: 33%
Civil Litigation Referrals: 47%
Criminal Law Referrals: 20%

LSRS Members by Geographical Region: Lawyers

As at Dec 31, 2016 Lawyers
Central East Lawyers: 174
Central South Lawyers: 94
Central West Lawyers: 139
East Lawyers: 139
Metropolitan Toronto Lawyers: 482
Northeast Lawyers: 16
Northwest Lawyers: 4
Southwest Lawyers: 47
Total Lawyers: 1,095

LSRS Members by Geographical Region: Paralegals

As at Dec 31, 2016 Lawyers
Central East Lawyers: 31
Central South Lawyers: 19
Central West Lawyers: 26
East Lawyers: 9
Metropolitan Toronto Lawyers: 39
Northeast Lawyers: 1
Northwest Lawyers: 0
Southwest Lawyers: 11
Total Lawyers: 136

Discipline Prosecutions and Appeals

Notices Issued 2014 2015 2016
Notices of Application (conduct & capacity) 2014: 101 2015: 117 2016: 127
Notices of Referral for Hearing (licensing [good character], reinstatement, terms dispute, restitution) 2014: 10 2015: 11 2016: 16
Notices of Motion for Interlocutory Suspension / Restriction 2014: 14 2014: 15 2016: 25
TOTAL 2014: 124 2015: 142 2016: 168
Issue type % of Notices Issued in 2016
Service Issues (examples: fail to account, fail to communicate, fail to serve client ) 2016: 47%
Integrity Issues (examples: civility, couseling/behaving dishonourably) 2016: 32%
Governance Issues (examples: fail to cooperate with Law Society, Unauthorized Practice) 2016: 27%
Financial Issues (examples: mishandling trust accounts, misappropriation, real estate/mortgage schemes) 2016: 46%
Special Applications (examples: capacity, good character) 2016: 10%
Conflicts (examples: licensee in position of conflict, business/financial relations with client) 2016: 4%

Figures total more than 100% because some complaints/cases raise more than one issue.